Oman in the Stone Age
sub section- Overview
Dawn of Islam
Al Bu Said Dynasty
H.M. Sultan Qaboos
Wattayah, located in the governorate of
Muscat, is the oldest human settlement and dates to the Stone Age, making it around 10,000
years old. Archaeological remains from different dates have been discovered here, the
earliest representing the Stone Age, then the Heliocene Age and finally, the Bronze Age.
Findings have consisted of stone implements, animal bones, shells and fire hearths. The
latter date back to 7615 BC and are the oldest signs of human settlement in the area.
Other discoveries include hand-moulded pottery bearing distinguishing pre-Bronze Age
marks, heavy flint implements made from slivers of quartz, and sharp, pointed tools and
On a mountain rock-face in the same
district, animal drawings have been discovered. Similar drawings have also been found in
the Wadi Sahtan and Wadi Bani Kharus areas of Rustaq. These drawings consist of human
figures carrying weapons and being confronted by wild animals. Siwan in Haima is another
Stone Age location and some of the archaeological finds have included arrowheads, knives,
chisels and circular stones which have been used to throw at animals.
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