Oman in the Fourth Millenium BC
sub section- Overview
Dawn of Islam
Al Bu Said Dynasty
H.M. Sultan Qaboos
Ras al-Hamra, in the north west of Muscat,
contains evidence to show that the region had human settlements in the fourth
BC. The site consists of settlements heaped one on top of the other. The layer
representing the dwellings is composed of sand, shells, fishbone, ash and coal.
Interestingly, no pottery remains have been found.
Other archaeological finds include a
symmetrically shaped pit, such as might be used for waste disposal, fire hearths, flint
tools, snare weights fashioned from rock crystal, and hunting hooks made from copper and
seashells. Hunting fish and turtles appears to have been the principal activity of these
There was evidence that the lotus tree was
widespread, as well as mangrove swamps, sorghum and mulberry bushes. The inhabitants of
this time built their homes from branches and reeds. The dwellings were circular in shape
with a central excavation.
A burial ground was unearthed at this site
which contained 220 skeletons lying on one side in a foetal position facing the sea (the
source of their subsistence), their arms folded upwards and back. In some cases the hand
was folded firmly over an oyster. However, in one case a pearl was discovered. This pearl
is one of the oldest examples found in the Gulf. In many cases, the skeleton was adorned
with jewellery made from shells, including rings and bracelets, along with necklets made
from stone beads with shell pendants shaped like leaves.
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